25 May, 2012
Angel Crespo Perez de Madrid poet , essayist, translator and art critic Spanish .
Born in Ciudad Real , the July 18, 1926, within a family of medium landowners. Until the outbreak of the Civil War between the capital and live Alcolea de Calatrava where the mother-Maria de los Angeles Perez-Madrid and Céspedes has farms. His father, Angel Crespo Crespo, an official of Telegraphs. The connection with nature will make your life and be noticed in his work. The three years of the war going on in Ciudad Real, not attending school and receiving lessons at home. A friend's parent who is a professor of French and has taken refuge in his house, he teaches French. Lee JH Fabre on the lives of animals.
After the war Baccalaureate studies undertaken between readings Salgari , Verne and Rice Burroughs . Read the Castilian and Latin classics and among his favorite authors are Rubén Darío , Berceo , Espronceda and the Duke of Rivas . Start writing poetry and published in media in the province. Results in triplets chained fragments of the Georgics of Virgil . His uncle Pascual Crespo gives Spanish Poetry Anthology 1915-1931 and is attracted by surrealism and creationism. After completing his secondary education, in 1943, went to Madrid to study law as his father wished, instead of Arts as he wanted it. In Madrid, discover the Postismo in its first Manifesto was published in 1945, and comes to terms with its founders Chicharro Eduardo , Carlos Edmundo de Ory and Silvano Sernesi . In Postismo is a renewal in relation to poetry being written in Spain at the moment, polarized by Garcilaso and alarmist groups, and adheres to it. Isms studied, reads Dante and modern French and Italian poets, is interested in esotericism. Start writing art criticism.
In 1948, working with Ory, organizes the exhibition 16 Artists of Today in the Bucholz Gallery in Madrid. After completing a law degree in 1949, spends six months in Tetouan to complete military service. It is his first visit outside Spain, which deemed essential to its formation. Returning to Spain, took refuge in Alcolea to prepare examinations for Notaries and is dedicated to writing poetry. The book will consider the first of his own voice, a language emerges, then writes and publishes in 1950. It is the first book of what has been called his magical realism. In 1950, back in Madrid, started working as an attorney and is involved with increasing intensity in the cultural life of Madrid. In the same year, Alejandro Carriedo Gabino and Frederick Wheeler founded and co-directs the poetry magazine Straw Bird (1950-1954) and himself, in 1951, founded and directed the magazine Deucalion (1951-1953), sponsored by the Provincial de Ciudad Real. Throughout the decade of the 50 continues with the art critic and published seven books of poetry are the stage of magical realism. He was invited to Poetry Salamanca Congress (July 1953) and became a leading figure in the renewal of the Spanish culture of the postwar period. In 1956 he married Maria Luisa Madrilley, who is separated years later. Make your first trip to Portugal. In 1957 his son Aiden was born. That same year he began to publish his translations of Fernando Pessoa with a selection of Poems of Alberto Caeiro . During the 60's, Ángel Crespo, who is involved in the clandestine struggle against the dictatorship, is concerned with the realism and writes a poetry of intent compromised, while rejecting Marxist aesthetics. To promote his views founded and directs, with Alejandro Carriedo Gabino, the magazine Poetry of Spain (1960-1963), where he published the poets whose conception of realism is more in line. In 1962 he founded and directed the Brazilian Culture Magazine, sponsored by the Brazilian Embassy in Madrid, which will continue to run until 1970 and it will meet the burgeoning Spanish readers disseminate Brazilian culture and its leading positions, including concrete poetry. In 1961 Pilar Gomez knows Bedate, whom he married years later.
In 1963 he traveled to Italy for the first time with her, and the experience of this trip, which will largely determine influence in his poetry, encouraged him to leave his law practice and begin a new life away from harassment by police Franco and the rift with his party colleagues. In 1966 published Dozen Florentine book that remains committed point of view but uses a decidedly modern language and full of cultural references. In 1967 he accepted the invitation of the University of Puerto Rico to teach in the Humanities Department, and will move to this country with his new partner, also invited by the University to teach in the Comparative Literature program. In 1988 he returned permanently to Spain and settled in Barcelona, where he will be visiting professor at the Central and the Autonomous University, and finally appointed Professor Emeritus at the University Pompeu Fabra. He died in this city in 1995. During the years of Barcelona alternate life in this city with long periods in Calaceite, Teruel where people revive contacts with the nature of their origins and where he will write a poem that reflects this relationship. He is buried in the cemetery of Calaceite.