25 May, 2012

Jos Schijvens



Josephus Aloysius Cornelis (Jos) Schijvens ( Tilburg , 12 May 1908 - there, 18 July 1966 ) was a Dutch architect .


Jos Schijvens was born in Tilburg , the youngest of three children. His father Cornelis Alphonsus Schijvens worked as a wool weaver. By 1920 Cornelis Schijvens began with his wife, Christina Douw, a coffee shop / cafe on the corner of Hill and the Spoorlaan in Tilburg. Jos Schijvens went after elementary school to the Tilburg trade school and learned carpentry. In the evening he took drawing lessons. From 1925 to 1929 he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Building on and of the Roman Catholic College in Tilburg . He followed in the study Architecture. In 1930 he received the first part of the exam for architect, the second part he has never done.

Early thirties Schijvens worked briefly for architect FJ Rampart in Bergen op Zoom . They built there include the café-restaurant, hotel later, "the Scheldt." In 1929 Schijvens already designed a double house on Hyacinth Street 13-15 in Tilburg, on behalf of his father. The houses were conducted in the style of the Amsterdam School / expressionism . His parents were living at number 15, his brother John and his family at number 13. After the death of both parents in quick succession early thirties, went Schijvens itself at number 15 living with his wife Cornelia Smulders, whom he married in 1933. He founded his own architectural office and moved to the house. Since 2002, this double house a national monument .

In 1946 died his wife Corrie. The next year Schijvens married again, this time with Anny Flower, the eldest daughter of the architect also Tilburg Ide Flower . They had two children later, a daughter and a son. Schijvens followed at that time the course Ecclesiastical Architecture in Kruithuis in 's-Hertogenbosch . He was taught by, among other Dom van der Laan . Also took Schijvens sitting in various committees of the Association of Dutch Architects (BNA), including the Architect Council. In 1960 the family moved Schijvens to a larger building at the Bredaseweg in Tilburg, where the architect again took shelter. Schijvens undertook many foreign trips, including to New York , where he found inspiration for his designs. In 1966 Schijvens died suddenly after a short stay in hospital. The architectural firm was continued by Cees Verberk, who has been Schijvens' right hand was, and architect Pontzen from Tilburg called Verberk & Pontzen.

Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen


Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen was a Norwegian aviation pioneer, polar explorer and businessman. Among his achievements, he is generally regarded as the founder of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.


Riiser-Larsen was born in Oslo, Norway, in 1890. In 1909, aged nineteen, he joined the Norwegian Naval Academy and in 1915 the newly formed Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service (RNoNAS). After World War I, he served as the acting head of the RNoNAS's factory until a more senior officer was appointed. In 1921, he joined the Aviation Council, then part of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, as a secretary. This gave him the opportunity to study the fledgling military and civil aviation infrastructure for which the Council was responsible. He also became a frequent pilot on the air routes used by the new aviation companies.

Riiser-Larsen's years of polar exploration began in 1925 when his compatriot Roald Amundsen, the famed polar explorer, asked him to be his deputy and pilot for an attempt to fly over the North Pole. Riiser-Larsen agreed and secured the use of two Dornier Do J Wal seaplanes. The expedition, however, was forced to land close to the Pole, badly damaging one of the planes. After twenty-six days on an ice shelf, first trying to shovel tons of snow to create an airstrip, until someone suggested the easier way of tramping the snow surface, the expedition's six members squeezed themselves into the remaining plane. Riiser-Larsen somehow managed to coax the overloaded plane into the air and flew the expedition back to the coast of Northern Svalbard..

The following year, Riiser-Larsen rejoined Amundsen for another attempt to fly over the Pole, this time with Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile in his recently renamed airship, the Norge. Leaving Spitsbergen on 11 May 1926, the Norge completed the crossing two days later, landing near Teller, Alaska. The flight is considered by many to be the first successful flight over the North Pole, as the other claimants, Frederick Cook, Robert Peary and Richard Byrd, were unable to verify their attempts in full.

In 1928, Riiser-Larsen became involved in searching the Arctic for Nobile after he had made a successful flight to the Siberian islands and visited the North Pole once more, but crashed near the coast of the North Eastern part of Svalbard. Riiser-Larsen also became involved in a search for Amundsen, when he as passenger in a French naval flyingboat went missing while he was en route to join the search for Nobile. Eventually Nobile and most of his team were found, but Amundsen was not.

The Norvegia expeditions were a sequence of Antarctic expeditions financed by the Norwegian shipowner and whaling merchant Lars Christensen during the late 1920s and 1930s. Ostensibly their goal was scientific research and the discovery of new whaling grounds, but Christensen also requested permission from the Norwegian Foreign Office to claim for Norway any uncharted territory that was found. By the end of the second expedition, two small islands in the Southern Ocean, Bouvet Island and Peter I Island, had been annexed.

In 1929 Christensen decided to include aeroplanes in the next expedition and appointed Riiser-Larsen its leader. Riiser-Larsen then supervised and took part in mapping most of the Antarctic in this and three further expeditions. More territory was also annexed, this time the large area of the continent known as Queen Maud Land.

In 1939, the Norwegian military was downsized and Riiser-Larssen was among those officers finding themselves out of work. However, he was quickly offered a new job by the shipping company Fred. Olsen & Co. as manager of its newly formed airline, DNL. He invited some former naval pilots to join the airline and soon made it the most successful in Norway. In 1946, DNL would be one of the four Scandinavian airlines merged to create the present-day Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS).

When Nazi Germany invaded Norway in 1940, Riiser-Larsen rejoined the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service. However, both the Norwegian Army and Royal Norwegian Navy Air Services were quickly overwhelmed by the Wehrmacht before he saw combat. Instead, he accompanied the Norwegian cabinet and military leaders into exile in London, before moving on to Toronto, Canada, to become the first commander of the Norwegian air forces' training camp, "Little Norway".

At the beginning of 1941, Riiser-Larsen returned to London to take up the post of Commander in Chief of the Naval Air Service; then of the Combined Arms Air Force; and finally, in 1944, of the fully amalgamated Royal Norwegian Air Force. By the end of the war, however, many of the pilots under his command had become critical of his leadership. He resigned, bitterly, from the Air Force in 1946.

In 1947, Riiser-Larsen again became the head of DNL, a few months before it merged with DDL, SIL and ABA to create SAS. He then became an advisor to the SAS executive and a regional manager with responsibility for transcontinental air routes. One of these routes, although established after his retirement in 1955, represented the "fulfilment of a vision" : the route to North America over the North Pole.

Riiser-Larsen died on 3 June 1965, four days before his seventy-fifth

Herschel Lewis Austin



Herschel Lewis Austin was a British furniture-maker and Labour Party politician who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1945 to 1950. Austin was born in Plymouth, England, the son of Austrian immigrants, who later anglicised their surname from the Austrian "Ornstein".


Lew, as he was known, grew up in poverty in the East End of London. His father Mordechai (Max), a bamboo worker, died of pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 44, when Lewis was aged just 3, in 1914.

After leaving school at the age of 11, he educated himself as much as he could by attending night classes and visiting libraries when he wasn't working as an apprentice cabinet maker. He owed much of his wide-ranging education to Toynbee Hall, a benevolent institution still active in the East End. He later went into business with his three of his brothers, producing affordable furniture with what became Austinsuite furnishings, a precursor to the flatpack furniture later adopted by M.F.I. in the U.K.

During World War II, the family business, F Austin Leyton Ltd, manufactured military aircraft including the de Havilland Mosquito. Lew Austin was production manager. On one occasion Lord Beaverbrook, the Canadian newspaper entrepreneur who was Minister of Aircraft Production in Churchill's war Ministry, visited the factory and was shown round by "Mr. Lew".

In 1944, after having previously been refused permission to leave his civilian employment, Lew Austin joined the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve where he served first on destroyers in the Mediterranean and then in the Fleet Air Arm, ending up in a staff position at a Naval headquarters at Lee on Solent rising to the rank of Sub Lieutenant (Sub.-Lt). He was also prominent in the Fabian Society along with his older brother, the late Frank Austin O.B.E., and was effectively headhunted for a direction shift into politics, after being told by a colleague, "You are wasted here, you're needed in the Labour Party".

He joined the party, and in Labour's landslide victory at the 1945 general election he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Stretford constituency in Manchester, defeating the sitting Conservative MP, Ralph Etherton. He held his seat until the 1950 election, when he was beaten by the Conservative candidate Samuel Storey.

Born to an immigrant family originating from a rabbinic dynasty in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, now the Ukraine, he was an ardent humanist. When campaigning for the seat he eventually won, late in 1945 when the ashes of World War II were still glowing, he was asked by a heckler at a political rally "what is the candidate's religion?". He replied "I have no religion; I am a free thinker. But I am a Jew and a carpenter and the son of a capenter but unlike another son of a capenter two thousand years ago I don't expect to be crucified for my beliefs."

During his time in Parliament Lewis Austin was one of a dozen or so Jewish Members during the period when the British Mandate of Palestine ended and the state of Israel was born. He and his Jewish colleagues fought many battles in the party room over British policy on the Palestine issue. Austin, who regarded the Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin as an antimsemite, once challenged Bevin to 'come outside' the party room. Austin had been a keen amateur boxer as a young man. He later told family members that Bevin had suggested "we can leave it to the Arabs to kick the bloody Jews into the sea".

At that time Austin published a circular entitled "the importance of being Ernest (Bevin)" which attacked Bevin and his policies roundly, and as result faced discipline from Transport House, headquarters of the Labour Party.

Austin gained something of a reputation as a leftwing firebrand while in Parliament, and some years later was detained on Ellis Island by US immigration for a number of days on suspicion of being a communist, at the height of the McCarthyist movement in the USA.

After his brief stint in politics, he moved with his wife and young family to Jamaica for a number of years, living in Montego Bay. It was there he took time out to reflect on his next career move. He later returned to the U.K., bring his family to the Hove area, near Brighton in Sussex. He then worked for a four to six month stint as a door-to-door salesman of the Encyclopædia Britannica. He was discouraged from carrying this on by his wife, the late Irene Austin, later Dame Irene Murray, of the Knights of Saint John, Malta. He then set up his own business in dealing with Stocks and Shares, acting as a licensed dealer until his untimely death in April 1974, not long after the Black Monday stock market crash of Spring 1974.

Alfred Cheetham


 Alfred Cheetham was a member of several Antarctic expeditions. He served as third officer for both the Nimrod and Imperial Trans-Antarctic expeditions. He died at sea when his ship was torpedoed during World War I.


Alfred Buchanan Cheetham was born in Liverpool, England to John and Annie Elizabeth Cheetham. His family moved to Hull sometime during his youth (possibly around 1877), and he went to sea as a teenager, working on the fishing fleets of the North Sea and farther afield. He married Eliza Sawyer and they had 13 children together. Cheetham worked from his base in Hull as a merchant navy boatswain and a reservist for the Royal Navy.

During the Discovery Expedition of 1901–1904 Cheetham made his first visit to the Antarctic when served on the relief ship Morning. He returned with the Terra Nova Expedition, Robert Falcon Scott's ill-fated attempt to be the first to reach the South Pole. He served as boatswain aboard the Terra Nova and although he volunteered for the search party that was to look for Scott's party he was turned down as he was a family man.

He travelled to the Antarctic again, this time under the command of Ernest Shackleton, on the Nimrod Expedition where he was third officer and boatswain. By the time of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition in 1914, the 47-year-old Cheetham was the crew member with most experience of the Antarctic, having spent almost six years in the seas around the continent

He was Third Officer on board the Endurance and was a popular and cheerful member of the crew. Frank Worsley refers to him as "a pirate to his fingertips". After Endurance was crushed in pack ice and the men set up for Elephant Island in the three lifeboats, he was part of Worsley's crew in the Dudley Docker. Worsley mentions that matches had become such precious currency that Cheetham bought a single match from him for the price of a bottle of champagne, to be paid when Cheetham opened his pub in Hull after the war. Cheetham's death in 1918 meant the debt was never paid. For his efforts during the expedition Cheetham was awarded the Silver Polar Medal.

Cheetham returned to Hull after the expedition where he learnt that one of his sons, William Alfred, had been lost at sea while Cheetham had been travelling back from Antarctica. His son, who was 16 years old, was presumed drowned while serving on the S.S. Adriatic. Cheetham enlisted in the Mercantile Marine and was serving as Second Officer on the S.S. Prunelle (London) when on 22 August 1918, he was killed when the ship was torpedoed in the North Sea by a German U-boat.



Angel Crespo


Angel Crespo Perez de Madrid poet , essayist, translator and art critic Spanish .


Born in Ciudad Real , the July 18, 1926, within a family of medium landowners. Until the outbreak of the Civil War between the capital and live Alcolea de Calatrava where the mother-Maria de los Angeles Perez-Madrid and Céspedes has farms. His father, Angel Crespo Crespo, an official of Telegraphs. The connection with nature will make your life and be noticed in his work. The three years of the war going on in Ciudad Real, not attending school and receiving lessons at home. A friend's parent who is a professor of French and has taken refuge in his house, he teaches French. Lee JH Fabre on the lives of animals.

After the war Baccalaureate studies undertaken between readings Salgari , Verne and Rice Burroughs . Read the Castilian and Latin classics and among his favorite authors are Rubén Darío , Berceo , Espronceda and the Duke of Rivas . Start writing poetry and published in media in the province. Results in triplets chained fragments of the Georgics of Virgil . His uncle Pascual Crespo gives Spanish Poetry Anthology 1915-1931 and is attracted by surrealism and creationism. After completing his secondary education, in 1943, went to Madrid to study law as his father wished, instead of Arts as he wanted it. In Madrid, discover the Postismo in its first Manifesto was published in 1945, and comes to terms with its founders Chicharro Eduardo , Carlos Edmundo de Ory and Silvano Sernesi . In Postismo is a renewal in relation to poetry being written in Spain at the moment, polarized by Garcilaso and alarmist groups, and adheres to it. Isms studied, reads Dante and modern French and Italian poets, is interested in esotericism. Start writing art criticism.

In 1948, working with Ory, organizes the exhibition 16 Artists of Today in the Bucholz Gallery in Madrid. After completing a law degree in 1949, spends six months in Tetouan to complete military service. It is his first visit outside Spain, which deemed essential to its formation. Returning to Spain, took refuge in Alcolea to prepare examinations for Notaries and is dedicated to writing poetry. The book will consider the first of his own voice, a language emerges, then writes and publishes in 1950. It is the first book of what has been called his magical realism. In 1950, back in Madrid, started working as an attorney and is involved with increasing intensity in the cultural life of Madrid. In the same year, Alejandro Carriedo Gabino and Frederick Wheeler founded and co-directs the poetry magazine Straw Bird (1950-1954) and himself, in 1951, founded and directed the magazine Deucalion (1951-1953), sponsored by the Provincial de Ciudad Real. Throughout the decade of the 50 continues with the art critic and published seven books of poetry are the stage of magical realism. He was invited to Poetry Salamanca Congress (July 1953) and became a leading figure in the renewal of the Spanish culture of the postwar period. In 1956 he married Maria Luisa Madrilley, who is separated years later. Make your first trip to Portugal. In 1957 his son Aiden was born. That same year he began to publish his translations of Fernando Pessoa with a selection of Poems of Alberto Caeiro . During the 60's, Ángel Crespo, who is involved in the clandestine struggle against the dictatorship, is concerned with the realism and writes a poetry of intent compromised, while rejecting Marxist aesthetics. To promote his views founded and directs, with Alejandro Carriedo Gabino, the magazine Poetry of Spain (1960-1963), where he published the poets whose conception of realism is more in line. In 1962 he founded and directed the Brazilian Culture Magazine, sponsored by the Brazilian Embassy in Madrid, which will continue to run until 1970 and it will meet the burgeoning Spanish readers disseminate Brazilian culture and its leading positions, including concrete poetry. In 1961 Pilar Gomez knows Bedate, whom he married years later.

In 1963 he traveled to Italy for the first time with her, and the experience of this trip, which will largely determine influence in his poetry, encouraged him to leave his law practice and begin a new life away from harassment by police Franco and the rift with his party colleagues. In 1966 published Dozen Florentine book that remains committed point of view but uses a decidedly modern language and full of cultural references. In 1967 he accepted the invitation of the University of Puerto Rico to teach in the Humanities Department, and will move to this country with his new partner, also invited by the University to teach in the Comparative Literature program. In 1988 he returned permanently to Spain and settled in Barcelona, where he will be visiting professor at the Central and the Autonomous University, and finally appointed Professor Emeritus at the University Pompeu Fabra. He died in this city in 1995. During the years of Barcelona alternate life in this city with long periods in Calaceite, Teruel where people revive contacts with the nature of their origins and where he will write a poem that reflects this relationship. He is buried in the cemetery of Calaceite.

Karl Ludwig Grunne



Karl Ludwig Grünne, Earl of Pinchard was an Austrian general .


Karl Ludwig Grünne, only son of Ferdinand Philip Grünne occurred in 1828, the Lancers of his father. In 1838 he was promoted to Major in 1843 to colonel and chief of the court at the same time, Archduke Stephan . 1847 appointed Imperial real Privy Council, took place in August 1848, the appeal to the High Steward, the former Archduke and later Emperor Franz Joseph I on 19 October 1848 he became a Major General, on 2 December 1848 for the first Adjutant General of the now emperor appointed his military office, he became head of that day. In this position Grünne on 12 July 1850 to Lieutenant promoted.

After the defeat of Austria in the Sardinian War , 1859, the discontent of the population and the army set up specially to Grünne, which is representative for the army and the people prevailing esprit de corps that the major changes was not to blame for the outcome of the war there.

With handwritten letter dated 20 October 1859 the Emperor dismissed him from his post as the first Adjutant General in His mercy, ordered him to uno actu Oberststallmeister and awarded him the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stephen's from. Grünne retained at the request of the Emperor Capitänstelle the Life Guards gendarmerie .

On 22 November 1864 Grünne Graf became the general of the cavalry moved on 23 August 1865 the owner of the No. 1 Lancers .

The office of constable held Grünne colonel, whose health had been attacked in those days, significantly, by 3 November 1875. In retirement he lived (during the summer months) in Baden, near Vienna, in complete seclusion.

From 1883 he was a member of the House of Lords , the upper house of the Austrian Imperial Council , but had to stay away from with regard to his physical condition, many meetings.

Count Grünne was a favorite of Archduchess Sophie was, with strong influence on the young Franz Joseph . The continued recognition by the Griinne bronze house showed, among other things, that both Emperor Franz Joseph I. as well as Crown Prince Rudolf , accompanied by his wife, Stephanie, the patients in each case a house visited them.

After confirmation of the Imperial Court Church (Church of Our Lady, Mary the Glorious) in Baden, near Vienna, the body count was Griinne after Dobersberg transferred, where on 19 June 1884 in the family tomb, the burial took place.

Professor H.C.J. Duijker


Hubert ("Bert") Carl John Duijker was one of the first professors of psychology at the University of Amsterdam .


Bert Duijker was born an only child, son of a religious teacher and went first to the Reformed school in Amsterdam and then to study philosophy at the Municipal University in his much admired HJ Pos . As a minor he did psychology at the then only professor in that discipline, G. Revesz . In 1937 he did his master's degree and was assistant Revesz. In 1946 he was promoted on the topic Language and psychological reality. Extralingual elements in the speech, he was first appointed as curator of the Psychological Laboratory in 1950 and to full professor in experimental psychology. After saying goodbye to Revesz, he became director of the Psychological Laboratory for many years was housed in the two canal houses on the Keizersgracht, which now - after an internal renovation - the photography museum FOAM is located. Duijker remained except the psychology originally the philosophy of faith, especially the phenomenology of Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. Generations of students followed are not readily understandable lectures about the Oudemanhuispoort . In later years he confined himself in his lectures more and more to social psychology. When Duijker in 1981 as a retired professor, was the psychological lab already moved to the Weesperplein, but not to the current location on the Roetersstraat. Duijker was a member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences. During twenty years in his honor called "Duijker lectures" held.

AffiliationsDuijker addition to his professorship numerous positions, including chairmanship of the Dutch Institute of Psychologists of the editorial board of the Dutch Journal for the Psychology of the book series Psychological Monographs and of the Council for guidance. He was honorary member of the Association de Psychologie Scientifique de Langue Française and vice chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Union of Scientific Psychology.

Sven Inge


Sven Inge was a Swedish painter and pop artist who came to some prominence in the late 1960s, doing performed visual experiments with digital technology as an art medium, and coloristic paintings.


Sven Inge was born in Umeå in 1935 and grew up in a small village in Västerbotten in northern Sweden. From early age, he was interested in drawing and became involved in experimental art after moving to Sundsvall, and later to Stockholm by the early 1960s. At the end of the 1960s, he gained notability co-producing, together with Ture Sjölander and Lars Weck, the experimental video performances Monument (1968) and Space in the Brain (1969), both made for Swedish Television. In addition to video performances, he worked with static images of science fiction and space travel, as well as a number of monumental paintings. In 1972, Inge created the photographic work Glesbygdare, and in 1973 Kronotorpare. Later, Inge worked with computerized holographic art, notably The Expanded Cube, which was performed at art galleries in the United States, Japan, and Taiwan. In the 1970s, he also worked with laser installations. As of the late 1970s, Sven Inge focused more on paintings, as well as a number of transparent three dimensional images on acryl glass.

Yang Rui


 
Yang Rui, 杨锐, is the host of Dialogue on CCTV International.

Yang Rui was born in Heilongjiang Province in China. He started his career as a journalist with China National Radio. Currently he is the presenter of Dialogue, an English language talk show where foreign guests have frequent appearances.

Burl Ives


Burl Icle Ivanhoe Ives was an American actor, writer and folk music singer. As an actor, Ives's work included comedies, dramas, and voice work in theater, television, and motion pictures. 

Ives was a renowned pipe smoker; the cover of his first album depicted a pipe and a fishing hat with the words "Burl Ives" in between. He also smoked cigars. In the summer of 1994 he was diagnosed with oral cancer after being hospitalized for back surgery. After several operations he decided against having further surgery. In April 1995 he fell into a coma. Ives died of complications of mouth cancer on April 14, 1995 at his home in Anacortes, Washington; he is interred in Mound Cemetery in Hunt City Township, Jasper County, Illinois.

Lew Tabackin



Lew Tabackin is a jazz flautist and a tenor saxophonist. He is married to Toshiko Akiyoshi, who is a jazz pianist and a composer/arranger.


Tabackin studied flute at the Philadelphia Conservatory of Music and also studied music with composer Vincent Persichetti. In 1962 he graduated from the Conservatory and, after a stint with the U.S. Army, worked with Tal Farlow. He also worked in a combo that included Elvin Jones, Donald Byrd, and Roland Hanna. Later he would have a chair in The Dick Cavett Show's band.

He formed a quartet with Toshiko Akiyoshi in the late 1960s, and in 1973 co-founded the Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band which later became the Toshiko Akiyoshi Jazz Orchestra featuring Lew Tabackin, playing bebop in Duke Ellington-influenced arrangements and compositions by Akiyoshi. Tabackin was principal soloist for the big band/orchestra from 1973 through 2003.



Ameen Rihani


Ameen Rihani, was a Lebanese Arab-American writer, intellectual and political activist. He was also a major figure in the mahjar literary movement developed by Arab emigrants in North America, and an early theorist of Arab nationalism.

Thomas Hart Benton


Thomas Hart Benton was an American painter and muralist. Along with Grant Wood and John Steuart Curry, he was at the forefront of the Regionalist art movement. His fluid, almost sculpted paintings showed everyday scenes of life in the United States.

Tapio Wirkkala



Tapio Wirkkala (2 June 1915, Hanko – 19 May 1985) was a Finnish designer and sculptor, a major figure of post-war design. His work ranges from plastic ketchup bottles and metalware to glass, ceramics and plywood in a range of styles. He designed the Finnish markka banknotes introduced in 1955. His range was immense, designing glassware, stoneware, jewelry, and furniture for mass production, as well as individual sculptures in several media.

Among his most famous works have been the design for the Finlandia vodka bottle (1970-2000) and for Iittala's Ultima Thule set of kitchen glasses. Both glassware items feature a dripping icicle look, and in the case of Iittala's popular glassware set it took thousands of hours to develop a glassblowing technique that would produce the effect.

Wirkkala did much of his initial design work using a traditional Finnish carving knife, the puukko. Wirkkala designed his own version of the knife. The Tapio Wirkkala Puukko was built by Hackman Cutlery and marketed by Brookstone in the US in the early 70's.



Lou Holtz


Louis Leo "Lou" Holtz is a retired American football coach, and active sportscaster, author, and motivational speaker. He served as the head football coach at The College of William & Mary (1969–1971), North Carolina State University (1972–1975), the University of Arkansas (1977–1983), the University of Minnesota (1984–1985), the University of Notre Dame (1986–1996), and the University of South Carolina (1999–2004), compiling a career record of 249–132–7. Holtz's 1988 Notre Dame team went 12–0 with a victory in the Fiesta Bowl and was the consensus national champion. Holtz is the only college football coach to lead six different programs to bowl games and the only coach to guide four different programs to the final top 20 rankings. Holtz also coached the New York Jets of the NFL during the 1976 season.
Over the years, the slender, bespectacled Holtz has become known for his quick wit and ability to inspire players. He is often found as a guest on the popular Richmond, Virginia based Kain Road Radio. In 2005, Holtz joined ESPN as a college football analyst. On May 1, 2008, Holtz was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame.

Sir Matt Busby


Sir Alexander Matthew "Matt" Busby, CBE, KCSG was a Scottish football player and manager, most noted for managing Manchester United between 1945 and 1969 and again for the second half of the 1970–1971 season. His manager records and longevity at the helm of Manchester United are only surpassed by Sir Alex Ferguson.




Robert Falcon Scott


Robert Falcon Scott was a Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, 1910–12. During this second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, only to find that they had been preceded by Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition. On their return journey, Scott and his four comrades all perished from a combination of exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold.




Josef Korbel


Josef Korbel was a Czechoslovakian diplomat and U.S. educator, who is now best known as the father of Bill Clinton's Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, and the mentor of George W. Bush's Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice.


Though he served as a diplomat in the government of Czechoslovakia, Korbel's Jewish heritage forced him to flee after the Nazi invasion in 1939. Prior to their flight, Körbel and his wife had converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism. He served as an advisor to Edvard Beneš, the exiled Czech president in London, until the Nazis were defeated. He then returned to Czechoslovakia, receiving a luxurious Prague apartment previously owned by Karl Nebrich, a Bohemian German industrialist expropriated and expelled under the Beneš decrees. Korbel was asked by Beneš to serve as the country's ambassador to Yugoslavia, but was forced to flee again during the Communist coup in 1948.

Korbel was granted political asylum in the United States in 1949. He was hired to teach international politics at the University of Denver, and became the founding Dean of the Graduate School of International Studies.

One of his students was Condoleezza Rice, the first woman appointed National Security Advisor (January 20, 2001) and the first African-American woman appointed Secretary of State (January 26, 2005). His daughter, Madeleine Albright, became the first female Secretary of State, on January 23, 1997 (Rice was the second).

After his death, the University of Denver established the Josef Korbel Humanitarian Award in 2000. Since then, 28 people have received the Josef Korbel Humanitarian Award.

The Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver was named the Josef Korbel School of International Studies on May 28, 2008

Friedrich Hayek


Friedrich August Hayek, born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek, was an economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism. In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with his political rival, Gunnar Myrdal) for his "pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and... penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena." He considered the efficient allocation of capital to be the most important factor leading to sustainable and optimal GDP growth, and warned of harms from monetary authority manipulation of interest rates. Interest rates should be set naturally by equilibrium between consumption of goods or capital stock.


Hayek is considered to be a major economist and political philosopher of the twentieth century. Along with his mentor Ludwig von Mises, he was an important contributor to the Austrian school of economic thought. Hayek's account of how changing prices communicate information which enables individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics. He also contributed to the fields of systems thinking, jurisprudence, neuroscience and the history of ideas.

Hayek served in World War I and said that his experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war (see below) led him to his career. Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938. He spent most of his academic life at the London School of Economics (LSE), the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg.

In 1984, he was appointed as a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his "services to the study of economics." He also received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H. W. Bush. In 2011, his article The Use of Knowledge in Society was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in the American Economic Review during its first 100 years.



Cornell Dupree


Cornell Luther Dupree was an American jazz and R&B guitarist. He worked at various times with Bill Withers, Donny Hathaway, King Curtis and Steve Gadd.


Dupree began his career playing in the Atlantic Records studio band, recording on albums by Aretha Franklin (Aretha Live at Fillmore West) and King Curtis as a member of Curtis's band "The King Pins" (having grown up with King Curtis in Fort Worth, Texas). He appeared on the 1969 Lena Horne and Gábor Szabó recording, and on recordings with Archie Shepp, Grover Washington, Jr., Snooky Young and Miles Davis.

He was a founding member of the band Stuff, which featured fellow guitarist Eric Gale, Richard Tee on keyboards, Steve Gadd and Chris Parker on drums, and Gordon Edwards on bass. Dupree and Tee recorded together on many occasions. Notable albums include the aforementioned Aretha and King Curtis records, plus Joe Cocker's Stingray and Luxury You Can Afford, plus Cornell's solo albums Teasin', Saturday Night Fever (instrumental), Shadow Dancing, Can't Get Through, Coast to Coast, Uncle Funky, Child's Play, Bop 'n' Blues, and Unstuffed. He played on Brook Benton's "Rainy Night in Georgia" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love", and is featured on two tracks of Peter Wolf's 1998 album, Fool's Parade. He is also known for playing the opening guitar riff on Aretha Franklin's "Respect".

In December 1972, the UK music magazine, NME, reported that Dupree, along with Roberta Flack and Jerry Jemmott, had been injured in an auto accident in Manhattan.

In 2009, Dupree appeared in a documentary entitled Still Bill, which chronicled the life and times of Bill Withers. He appeared on stage playing a guitar-led version of Grandma's Hands. Bill Withers, at first, was sitting in the audience, but ended up joining him on stage to sing the lyrics to the song. In this part of the documentary, Dupree played his guitar on a stool, breathing using an oxygen machine, which foretold his suffering from emphysema.

Dupree died on May 8, 2011 at his home in Fort Worth, Texas. He had been waiting for a lung transplant as a result of suffering from emphysema.

Rene Clement



René Clément was a French film director and screenwriter.

Clément studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts where he developed an interest in filmmaking. In 1936, he directed his first film, a 20 minute short written and featuring Jacques Tati. Clément spent the latter part of the 1930s making documentaries in parts of the Middle East and Africa. In 1937, he and archaeologist Jules Barthou were in Yemen making preparations to film a documentary, the first ever of that country and one that includes the only known film image of Imam Yahya.

Almost ten years passed before Clément directed a feature but his French Resistance film, La Bataille du rail (1945), gained much critical and commercial success. From there René Clément became one of his country's most successful and respected directors, garnering numerous awards including two films that won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, the first in 1950 for The Walls of Malapaga (Au-delà des grilles) and the second time two years later for Forbidden Games (Jeux interdits). Clément had international success with several films but his star-studded 1966 epic Is Paris Burning?, written by Gore Vidal and Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Paul Graetz was a costly box office failure.

Clément continued to make a few films until his retirement in 1975, including an international success with Rider On The Rain that starred Charles Bronson and Marlène Jobert. In 1984 the French motion picture industry honored his lifetime contribution to film with a special César Award.

René Clément died in 1996 and was buried in the local cemetery in Menton on the French Riviera where he had spent his years in retirement.

Dr. Sol Spiegelman


Sol Spiegelman was an American molecular biologist. He developed the technique of nucleic acid hybridization, which helped to lay the groundwork for advances in recombinant DNA technology.


Spiegelman was born and educated in New York City, and earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics from the City College of New York in 1939. He began his graduate studies at Columbia University in 1940, looking into cellular physiology. He completed his graduate studies at Washington University in St. Louis (1942–44) where he also lectured in physics and applied mathematics, receiving his doctorate there in 1944. After a year as a U.S. Public Health Service Fellow at the University of Minnesota, he joined the faculty of the University of Illinois and later became a professor of microbiology where he stayed for 20 years.

In 1962, he developed a technique that allowed the detection of specific RNA and DNA molecules in cells. Called nucleic acid hybridization, it was the combination of viral DNA and viral RNA which helped to lay the groundwork for advances in recombinant DNA technology.

In 1969 he became a professor of human genetics and development at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons as well as director of the Institute of Cancer Research in 1969. In 1975, he was named University Professor.

He investigated how cells form enzymes, DNA and RNA structures, virology and the molecular basis of cancer. He is credited with an experiment with self-reproducing RNA structures called Spiegelman's Monster.

He received the Lasker Award in 1974 for his 1965 work on Qβ RNA. In 1981 he received the Antonio Feltrinelli International prize in Biology for his contributions to molecular biology. He published more than 350 papers.

Spiegelman worked on trying to establish that retroviruses cause human cancers. However, there were flaws in the theory.

Spiegelman died in 1983 of pancreatic cancer just before the cause of AIDS was identified as a human retrovirus.



Herman Goldner


Herman Goldner was lawyer with a Harvard MBA and packed a lot of ideas into four terms as mayor, including some that have endured decades after he left office. He believed the Tampa Bay area needed to plan its growth. He founded the Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council and flirted with consolidation of municipalities and unincorporated areas in South Pinellas County.


He sought other political office, losing bids for the U.S. Senate and the Pinellas County Commission.

Mr. Goldner was a big-picture mayor for three terms in the 1960s and another in the early 1970s. Mr. Goldner was born in Detroit and grew up in Cleveland Heights, Ohio. Tests would later show an IQ near 160. At age 8, he built a small platform and began giving speeches to his family. He got a law degree from Case Western Reserve University in 1942; served four years with the Navy during World War II; then studied business at Harvard.

He moved to St. Petersburg in 1947 with his wife, Winifred, and sons Brian and Michael. He set up a law practice with Bill Cramer, a future Republican U.S. representative. Though brought up Jewish, he converted to his wife's Episcopalian religion. In 1960, Mr. Goldner, also a Republican, won the nonpartisan mayor's race in a landslide. He was re-elected mayor in 1963 and 1965.

Mr. Goldner ran for the Senate in 1968 with a campaign finance war chest of $300,000. Republican incumbent Ed Gurney had more than $7 million.

Apart from his status as a relative unknown, Mr. Goldner's vocal support of Hubert Humphrey over Richard Nixon did nothing to endear him to the Republican Party.

In 1971 he returned for another term as mayor and advocated for the use of public funds to overhaul blighted areas. He worried about the consequences of growth from drainage to traffic on U.S. 19 to hurricanes.

After a near-miss by Hurricane Agnes flooded the Tampa Bay area, Mr. Goldner proposed using computers at the University of South Florida to come up with an early warning system for severe weather. The proposal died when municipalities refused to kick in $1,000 each to research it.



He could not part with his pipe. When a doctor told him about the precancerous lesions in his mouth, Mr. Goldner left the pipe in his mouth; he just didn't light it.



Mr. Goldner died at the age of 93 on September 9th 2010 at his home in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

Jerry Lee Lewis



Jerry Lee Lewis is an American rock and roll and country music singer-songwriter and pianist. He is known by the nickname "The Killer". An early pioneer of rock and roll music, Lewis had hits in the late 1950s with songs such as "Great Balls of Fire", "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On", "Breathless" and "High School Confidential". However, Lewis' rock 'n' roll career faltered in the wake of his marriage to his young cousin. He had little success in the charts following the scandal until his popularity recovered in the late 1960s after he extended his career to country and western music with songs such as "Another Place, Another Time". More country hits soon followed over the late 1960s and through the 1970s. Lewis's successes continued throughout the decade and he embraced his rock 'n' roll past with songs such as a cover of the Big Bopper's "Chantilly Lace" and "Rockin' My Life Away". In the 21st century Lewis continues to tour to audiences around the world and still releases new albums. One such new album, titled Last Man Standing, is his best selling to date at over a million copies sold worldwide.


Lewis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, and his pioneering contribution to the genre has been recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. In 2003, Rolling Stone Magazine listed his box set All Killer, No Filler: The Anthology number 242 on their list of "500 greatest albums of all time". In 2004, they ranked him number 24 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. His live album Live at the Star Club, Hamburg is often regarded by many music journalists and fans as one of the wildest and greatest rock and roll concert albums ever. In 2008, he was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame.

Lewis is the last surviving member of Sun Records' Million Dollar Quartet and the Class of '55 album, which altogether included Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison and Elvis Presley.



photo courtesy of  http://www.pipesmagazine.com/

Mitch Jayne


Mitch Jayne was an author, musician and humorist. Jayne was the author of five books, a weekly newspaper column published in the rural Ozarks for 20 years, and more than a dozen bluegrass songs recorded by The Dillards. He hosted a radio show in Salem that attracted national attention for its satire, including the “Snake and Tick Market Report,” a regular feature that reported market prices for Hoo-Boy White Dot Crushproof Dry Valley Wonder Ticks and black, copperhead, coachwhip, garter and rattle snakes.


Jayne was born July 5, 1928 in Hammond, Ind., the son of Bea and Gus Jayne. After a stint at the University of Missouri, he began teaching in one-room schools in Dent County, where he documented the use of the forgotten words and phrases of Elizabethan English spoken by his pupils.

He once asked a 6-year-old what his father did for a living. “He principally farms,” the youngster told him, “and when he isn’t farming, he sits on the porch and plays the fiddle, just to beguile the time.” One day when a student learned he wanted to see a beaver in the wild, the student told him, “Mr. Jayne, there’s a beaver a ‘workin’ forenent the mill.” When Jayne asked a student to stay after school for some chore, the boy replied, “No, Mr. Jayne, I’d best haste home. Mother don’t sanction us being dilatory.”

Jayne published his recollections of his students’ use of Elizabethan English in 2000 in “Home Grown Stories & Home Fried Lies,” illustrated by his wife, artist Diana Jayne. He lamented the consolidation of one-room schools, comparing it to the influence of TV and radio that brought homogeneity to language and culture, ultimately leading to the demise of the rich old English phrases in their last sanctuary in the remote Ozarks mountains.

In 1962, Jayne befriended talented bluegrass musicians Douglas and Rodney Dillard, who invited him along to seek their musical fortunes in California. Jayne learned to play the bass lying down in the back of their station wagon en route to the West Coast. They played several venues, including the hungry i in San Francisco, where they caught the attention of critics for their hard-driving melding of electrified bluegrass and rock. They were invited to play on “The Andy Griffith Show,” where they appeared regularly as the Darling Family for three years.

Jayne authored many of The Dillard’s best-known works, including “Dooley,” “The Old Home Place” and “The Whole World Round.” The group recorded more than 20 albums from 1963 to 2006, but Jayne’s participation in the group waned in the late 1970s.

While in California, Jayne also published his first books, “The Forest in the Wind” in 1966, and “Old Fish Hawk” in 1973. “Old Fish Hawk,” about an Osage Indian, was made into a movie starring Will Sampson in 1979. Jayne returned to Missouri around 1974 and built a house adjacent to the Marcoot region of the Mark Twain National Forest. One week before Christmas in 1981, a spark from the massive stone chimney of his house caught the handmade shakes of the roof on fire and destroyed his home. Two weeks later, his bluegrass friends held a benefit concert to raise money to rebuild the house, which he moved into in 1983.
His popular radio show, “Hickory Holler Time,” broadcast on KSMO in Salem, featured local news, bluegrass music, “The Snake and Tick Market Report,” and a variety of satirical sketches, including a July Fourth episode in which Thomas Jefferson and George Washington trade foxhounds. He invented a character, Zeke Reeferzottum, who shared folklore such as predicting the severity of winter by looking at “wooly caterpillows. Not their color, their size! I been skinnin’ ’em and tannin’ their hides!” “Mother Mitch’s News” was a spin-off of the “Mother Earth News,” providing practical advice for living off the land, including making your own toilet paper (“perforations can be added with a spur or pizza cutter”) or a sturdy truss out of old shoe tongues and Band-aids.

The radio show — especially “The Snake and Tick Market Report” — had a wide following. A pilot once told Jayne he diverted his plane to fly over Salem so he could entertain passengers as they passed through his air space.

Jayne started a third novel, the yet-to-be-published “Glory Hole War,” a story about Ozarkian saboteurs who take exception to a government plan to dam their spring. He also began writing his weekly column, “Driftwood,” which appeared in several Missouri newspapers and magazines, and went on the lecture circuit to talk about conservation, not just of natural resources, but of culture and history.

In his last decade, he received the official praise that in earlier years might have been the object of his gentle jokes. In 2002, The Dillards reunited to play to a packed audience in Carnegie Hall. In 2009, they were inducted into the Bluegrass Hall of Fame at the Grand Ole Opry.

The publication of his fourth novel, “Fiddler’s Ghost,” in 2007 led to the 2008 Governor’s Humanities Book Award, and it was named one of the 10 best books of the year by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.