17 June, 2012

W.H. Auden



Wystan Hugh Auden, who published as W. H. Auden, was an Anglo-American poet, born in England, later an American citizen, regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. His work is noted for its stylistic and technical achievements, its engagement with moral and political issues, and its variety of tone, form and content. The central themes of his poetry are love, politics and citizenship, religion and morals, and the relationship between unique human beings and the anonymous, impersonal world of nature.

Auden grew up around Birmingham in a professional middle class family and read English literature at Christ Church, Oxford. His early poems, written in the late 1920s and early 1930s, alternated between telegraphic modern styles and fluent traditional ones, were written in an intense and dramatic tone, and established his reputation as a left-wing political poet and prophet. He became uncomfortable in this role in the later 1930s, and abandoned it after he moved to the United States in 1939, where he became an American citizen in 1946. His poems in the 1940s explored religious and ethical themes in a less dramatic manner than his earlier works, but still combined traditional forms and styles with new forms devised by Auden himself. In the 1950s and 1960s many of his poems focused on the ways in which words revealed and concealed emotions, and he took a particular interest in writing opera librettos, a form ideally suited to direct expression of strong feelings.

He was also a prolific writer of prose essays and reviews on literary, political, psychological and religious subjects, and he worked at various times on documentary films, poetic plays and other forms of performance. Throughout his career he was both controversial and influential. After his death, some of his poems, notably "Funeral Blues" ("Stop all the clocks") and "September 1, 1939", became widely known through films, broadcasts and popular media.

Harry Partch


Harry Partch was an American composer and instrument creator. He was one of the first twentieth-century composers to work extensively and systematically with microtonal scales, writing much of his music for custom-made instruments that he built himself.

Louis Jouvet



Louis Jouvet was a renowned French actor, director, and theatre director.

Overcoming speech impediments and sometimes paralyzing stage fright as a young man, Jouvet's first important association was with Jacques Copeau's Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier, beginning in 1913. Copeau's training included a varied and demanding schedule, regular exercise for agility and stamina, and pressing his cast and crew to invent theatrical effects in a bare-bones space. It was there Jouvet developed his considerable stagecraft skills, particularly makeup and lighting (he developed a kind of accent light named the jouvet). These years included a successful tour to the United States.

While influential, Copeau's theater was never lucrative. Jouvet left in October 1922 for the Comédie des Champs-Élysées (the small stage of the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées). In December 1923 he staged his single most successful production, the satire Dr. Knock, written by Jules Romains. Jouvet's meticulous characterization of the manipulative crank doctor was informed by his own experience in pharmacy school. It became his signature and his standby; "Jouvet was to produce it almost every year until the end of his life".

Jouvet began an ongoing close collaboration with playwright Jean Giraudoux in 1928, with a radical streamlining of Giraudoux's 1922 Siegfried et le Limousin for the stage. Their work together included the first staging of The Madwoman of Chaillot in 1945, at the Théâtre de l'Athénée, where Jouvet served as director from 1934 through his death in 1951.

Jouvet starred in some 34 films, including two records of Dr. Knock, once in 1933 and again in 1951. He was professor at the French National Academy of Dramatic Arts. He had a heart attack while at his beloved Théâtre de l'Athénée and died in his dressing room on Thursday, August 16, 1951. Louis Jouvet is buried in the Montmartre Cemetery in Paris. The Athénée theatre now bears his name.

Jean Malaquais



Jean Malaquais (1908 - December 22, 1998) was a French novelist.

He was born as Wladimir Malacki in Warsaw in 1908 of a non-religious Polish family of Jewish descent. In 1926, he left Poland, traveling in Eastern Europe and the Middle East; he wrote: "I had the feeling that the end of the world was approaching in Poland, so I wanted to discover the life of other lands before it disappeared entirely. Morally and intellectually I was a tramp, a companion of the dispossessed." He settled in France, where he worked as a laborer, and adopted the name of Jean Malaquais (which he took from the Quai Malaquais). He was associated with, though not formally a member of, several French leftist organizations, including the Trotskyist Communist League, and during the Spanish Civil War he joined the Republican forces as a member of the militia columns of the left Workers' Party of Marxist Unification (POUM). He obtained the Prix Renaudot in 1939 for his novel Les Javanais, based on his experience as an immigrant mine worker in Provence; it was admired by André Gide, who made Malaquais his private secretary.

At the beginning of World War II, he was conscripted into the French army, though not a French citizen. He was captured by the Germans, but managed to escape, and fled to southern France. In 1943, he succeeded in leaving France with the assistance of Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee bound for Mexico, and, eventually the United States, where he became a naturalised citizen; his parents died in Nazi concentration camps. He returned to France in 1947, but left again for the United States in 1948. (Beginning in 1942 and continuing after the war, he was a member of the Left Communist group Gauche communiste de France; in the United States, he was loosely affiliated with a number of non-Communist left groups.) His most famous work, about an international group of exiles in Vichy France, was Planète sans visa (1947), which has been translated into many languages.

Paul Poiret


Paul Poiret was a French fashion designer. His contributions to twentieth-century fashion have been likened to Picasso's contributions to twentieth-century art.

Greoge Grosz


George Grosz was a German artist known especially for his savagely caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. He was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic before he emigrated to the United States in 1933.

Phillippe Beaussant



Philippe Beaussant is a French musicologist and novelist, an expert on French baroque music, on which he has published widely. He is the founder of the Centre de Musique Baroque de Versailles, of which he was the artistic adviser of 1987 to 1996. He has also been a producer of musical programs for Radio France since 1974. His biography of Jean-Baptiste Lully, Lully ou le musicien du soleil (Éditions Gallimard, 1992), was the basis of the film Le Roi Danse (2000).

Beaussant won the 1993 Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française for his novel Héloïse.

Heimito von Doderer



Heimito von Doderer was a famous Austrian writer.

Heimito von Doderer was born near Vienna in 1896, son of the architect and engineer Wilhelm Carl von Doderer and his wife Wilhelmine von Hügel as the youngest of 6 children. His unusual first name was based on an attempt to germanicize the Spanish name "Jaimito", a diminutive of "Jaime" (James).

His life was spent mostly in Vienna, the longest exception being a period as a Russian prisoner of war in Siberia from 1916 until his eventual return to Austria in 1920. It was during his time in Russia that he decided to become a writer. His first published work, a book of poems Gassen und Landschaft, appeared in 1923, followed by the novel Die Bresche the following year, both with little success. A further novel, Das Geheimnis des Reichs, followed in 1930. In the same year he married Gusti Hasterlik, but they separated two years later and were divorced in 1938.

In 1933 Doderer joined the Austrian section of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and published several stories in the Deutschösterreichische Tages-Zeitung ("German-Austrian Journal"), a newspaper closely linked to the party and propagating racism and the unification of Germany and Austria. In 1936 he moved to Dachau (Germany), where he met his future second wife, Emma Maria Thoma (although they were not to marry until 1952). In Germany, he renewed his NSDAP-membership (the Austrian Nazi Party had been banned since 1933). He returned to Vienna in 1938, sharing a flat with the celebrated painter Albert Paris Gütersloh. In that year the novel Ein Mord, den jeder begeht was published. He converted to Catholicism in 1940 as a result of his reading of Thomas Aquinas and his alienation from the Nazis, which had been growing for some years. Also in 1940, Doderer was called up to the Wehrmacht and was later posted to France, where he began work on his most celebrated novel Die Strudlhofstiege. Due to ill health, he was allowed in 1943 to return from the front, serving in the Vienna area, before a final posting to Oslo at the end of the war.

After his return to Austria in early 1946, he was banned from publishing. This ban was lifted in 1947. He continued work on Die Strudlhofstiege, but although he completed it in 1948, the still-obscure author was unable to get it published immediately. However when it did finally appear in 1951 it was a huge success, and its author's place in the post-war Austrian literary scene was assured. After this Doderer returned to an earlier, unfinished project, Die Dämonen, which appeared in 1956 to much acclaim. In 1958 he began work on what was intended to be a four-volume novel under the general title of "Novel No. 7", to be written as a counterpart to Beethoven's Seventh Symphony. The first volume Die Wasserfälle von Slunj, appeared in 1963; the second volume, Der Grenzwald, was to be his last work and was published, incomplete and posthumously, in 1967.

Doderer died of intestinal cancer on 23 December 1966.

Sacha Guitry


Alexandre-Pierre Georges "Sacha" Guitry was a French stage actor, film actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright of the Boulevard theatre.

Dr. Josef Allen Hynek


Dr. Josef Allen Hynek was a United States astronomer, professor, and ufologist. He is perhaps best remembered for his UFO research. Hynek acted as scientific adviser to UFO studies undertaken by the U.S. Air Force under three consecutive names: Project Sign (1947–1949), Project Grudge (1949–1952), and Project Blue Book (1952 to 1969). For decades afterwards, he conducted his own independent UFO research, developing the Close Encounter classification system, and is widely considered the father of the concept of scientific analysis of both reports and, especially, trace evidence purportedly left by UFOs.

Claude Brosset




Claude Brosset  was a French actor.

Claude Brosset is known for his supporting roles in film and television films French.
It is aimed at early acting career. A graduate of the Drama Centre in the Rue Blanche and the National Conservatory of Dramatic Art, where he was a student of the Fernand Ledoux , he won the 1st prize for comedy classic, 1st prize of modern comedy and the 2nd prize of tragedy.
At 20, he played his first role in the soap opera The Merry Wives of Windsor of Lazarus Iglesis . It will then play in more than one hundred films for cinema and television, including police officers Jean-Paul Belmondo , he was a friend.
Claude Brosset is one of the few comedians to have been able to juggle a career in film and on television. In the early 1990s , he became owner of a restaurant called "Le Cyrano" in Carcassonne , a town he had discovered by Philippe Noiret and Pierre Richard .

On the small screen, he took part in the adventures of the first major sagas like The cursed kings in 1972 , seed of nettle in 1973 , no family in 1983 , Hope River in 1993 . He plays with his friend Sylvain Joubert , in Ardèche faithful heart in 1974 and Grevèche Felicien in 1986 .

He tries to comedies in the Carapate , The Cops , he plays roles against type, alongside Jean Yanne in Gotcha, you hold me by the beard , Cayenne Palace and The Raft of the Medusa .
He moved to Ermont in the neighborhood of Callais, a residential area.

Must face the French cinema, he had what is known in the trade "a mug". It turns especially with Didier Bourdon and Bernard Campan , ( The Unknown ), in the Magi or with Jean Dujardin in OSS 117: Cairo, Nest of Spies . His last role was a character in the subsequent Minister VS Tavarès Gomez .
It was also a theater actor who had played Falstaff Festival of Angers .

He died on 25 June 2007 , at the hospital of Pontoise , the consequences of a cancer . He is buried in Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris .

Vagn Holmboe



Vagn Gylding Holmboe was a Danish composer and teacher who wrote largely in a neo-classical style.

At the age of 16, Holmboe began formal music training at the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen on the recommendation of Carl Nielsen. He studied under Knud Jeppesen (Theory) and Finn Høffding (Composition). After finishing his studies in 1929 he moved to Berlin where, for a short period, Ernst Toch became his teacher.

In 1933, he married the Romanian pianist Meta Graf. After moving back to Denmark in 1934, he taught at various institutions, including the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen from 1950 to 1965.

Jacques Perret


Jacques Perret was a French writer best known for his novel Le Caporal Épinglé (1947), which tells the story of his captivity in Germany and of his escape attempts. This novel would later be adapted into a film by famous French director Jean Renoir in 1962. Perret was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Story for the film The Sheep Has Five Legs (1954).

Arne Jacobsen


Arne Emil Jacobsen, usually known as Arne Jacobsen, was a Danish architect and designer. He is remembered for his contribution to architectural Functionalism as well as for the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.

Antonio-Ruiz Pipo


Antonio Ruiz-Pipò was a composer born in Granada, Spain, in 1934, and died in Paris, France in 1997.

The virtuoso pianist and composer Antonio Ruiz Pipó was born in Granada. He studied the piano with Alicia de Larrocha and composition with Salvador Bacarisse and others. The latter part of his productive life was spent in France where, in addition to pursuing his performing career, he taught at the École Normale de Musique and the Conservatoire de Musique in Paris. In his youth he played the guitar a little and this provided him with a working knowledge of the instrument, for which he wrote numerous works. His music is consistently tonal, his treatment and harmonization of his thematic material (often deceptively simple-sounding) is sophisticated, and he revels in sharp contrasts of mood and color.

George Reisner



George Andrew Reisner was an American archaeologist of Ancient Egypt. He also served as the head football coach at Purdue University, coaching for one season in 1889 and compiling a record of 2–1.

He was born in Indianapolis, Indiana and died in Giza, Egypt. Upon his studies at Jebel Barkal (The Holy Mountain), in Nubia he found the Nubian kings were not buried in the pyramids but outside of them. He also found the skull of a Nubian female (who he thought was a king) which is in the collection of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard. Reisner believed that Kerma was originally the base of an Egyptian governor and that these Egyptian rulers evolved into the independent monarchs of Kerma. He also created a list of Egyptian viceroys of Kush. He found the tomb of Queen Hetepheres the mother of King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) who built the Great Pyramid at Giza. During this time he also explored mastabas.

Bernard Herrmann



Bernard Herrmann was an American composer noted for his work in motion pictures.

An Academy Award-winner (for The Devil and Daniel Webster, 1941), Herrmann is particularly known for his collaborations with director Alfred Hitchcock, most famously Psycho, North by Northwest, The Man Who Knew Too Much, and Vertigo. He also composed notable scores for many other movies, including Citizen Kane, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, Cape Fear, and Taxi Driver. He worked extensively in radio drama (most notably for Orson Welles), composed the scores for several fantasy films by Ray Harryhausen, and many TV programs including most notably Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone and Have Gun–Will Travel.

Louis Althusser



Louis Pierre Althusser was a French Marxist philosopher.

He was born in Algeria and studied at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, where he eventually became Professor of Philosophy.

Althusser was a longtime member—although sometimes a strong critic—of the French Communist Party. His arguments and thesis were set against the threats that he saw attacking the theoretical foundations of Marxism. These included both the influence of empiricism on Marxist theory, and humanist and reformist socialist orientations which manifested as divisions in the European communist parties, as well as the problem of the "cult of personality" and of ideology.

Althusser is commonly referred to as a structural Marxist, although his relationship to other schools of French structuralism is not a simple affiliation and he was critical of many aspects of structuralism.

Hansjorg Felmy



Hansjörg Felmy was a German actor.

He appeared in 50 films and television shows between 1957 and 1995. He starred in the film The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi (1961), which was entered into the 11th Berlin International Film Festival. In the German television crime series Tatort he played the commissioner Heinz Haferkamp from 1974 to 1980, who remains well known in Germany.

He died in Eching near Munich.

Robert Pandraud


Robert Pandraud, was a French politician . Former director of the National Police, a member of the RPR and the UMP, was deputy of the Seine-Saint-Denis (1988 - 2007) and Minister for Safety (1986 - 1988) in the second government Jacques Chirac .

Hubert Nyssen


Hubert Nyssen, was a French writer and editor, founder of Actes Sud.

Roy Wilkins


Roy Wilkins was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s. Wilkins' most notable role was in his leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Karl Radek


Karl Bernhardovic Radek was a socialist active in the Polish and German movements before World War I and an international Communist leader after the Russian Revolution.

Peter Dumayet



Pierre Dumayet was a journalist , writer and producer French , who participated in the beginnings of French television .

Pierre Dumayet was born in the Yvelines . Licensee of philosophy and literature lovers, he wants to become a pharmacist at the origin. He teaches journalism by working in radio in 1946 for a literary magazine he runs with Pierre Desgraupes : an employee who shares his vision of independent journalism and demanding and that later he designed several programs for television. He participates in its infancy at the time of television and a pioneer in this new space of freedom where everything is invented. It is indeed working on the first news program in the RTF , on 29 June 1949 presented by Pierre Sabbagh alongside Jean-Marie Coldefy , Pierre Tchernia , Georges de Caunes .

During the summer of 1950, Claude Barma performs the first series of French television: Nostradamus Agency which will be broadcast on 9 October 1950. Pierre Dumayet written the dialogues of ten episodes that make up the series.

He collaborated with Pierre Desgraupes for fifteen years to the creation and presentation of Reading for All , introducing literature on television, the French broadcast to the longest lifetime (1953-1968), initiated by Jean d'Arcy Program Director and first telecast March 27, 1953. He is writer, producer and co-producer of many shows including, in all conscience also with Pierre Desgraupes in 1955 and five columns to a (1959-1968), a news program created according to his statements in response to the seizure of Charles de Gaulle on television at that time. It is also the author of numerous shows like The Times to read (1970), Hundred issues behind a mirror, thousands of books written by hand (1975).

It shows in his career by interviewing important figures of the twentieth century as Eugene Ionesco , Claude Levi-Strauss , Jean Cocteau , the General Massu , Jorge Luis Borges , Robert Badinter , Louis Ferdinand Celine , and even Rene Goscinny or Marie Besnard .

He died November 17, 2011 and is buried in Bages.

Sir Edwin Lutyens



Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many English country houses.

He has been referred to as "the greatest British architect" and is known best for having an instrumental role in designing and building a section of the metropolis of Delhi, known as New Delhi, which would later on serve as the seat of the Government of India. In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as "Lutyens' Delhi". In collboration with Herbert Baker, he was also the main architect of several monuments in New Delhi such as the India Gate; he also designed the Viceroy's House now known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan.